Out of the box stair design in six high-spirited steps

…or how to let your imagination slowly run wild.

Obviously, this article is about our own approach to stair design. However, we’d like to start things by taking a step back for a broader look.

La Muralla Roja image of the red and concrete stairs.




When it comes to creating any kind of space, whether real or fictional, practical or the total opposite of that (even nonsensical), the world of 3D visualization offers endless possibilities. It could be about creating surreally layered cosmic landscapes, ancient temples scattered amid the vastness of a whimsical desert, oceans of robotic limbs that swim by themselves through the tides of a sea of hot air balloons, or a childish house with two windows, a door and a chimney. No matter what you see in your mind, it always helps to focus on what you really want to speak of and achieve in your designs. Every artist that conjures up models in the virtual realm has a vision, a message. And trust us, everyone is deeply fond of that certain something-something that lies there.

Our studio is a big fan of stairs. We see them as an ever-stirring mix between playfulness and pragmatism. They’re links between what’s above and what’s below, between the upside down and the right side up, between worlds and planes of existence. They’re connective elements, not between the floors, but between the stories of the places we envision

Stairs can be highly functional, purely aesthetic or something in between. However, we’ve realized that when we focus strictly on one extreme, the overall coherence of our digital creations suffers. This is why we often approach stair design through creative exercises, always thinking about new ways to play with what we know and what we don’t. Here’s a more or less methodical approach we follow when designing stairs that are differently interesting, paired with some basic stair design rules that will not fail you!


Karl Larsson turquoise arches that lead to a stairway.
Karl Larsson




First things first: good stair design comes from a solid concept.

As we’ve said in the very beginning, it is of utmost importance to figure out just about exactly what you wish for your creations to transmit to anyone who sees them. Obviously, any idea requires an adequately expressed gesture and vice versa. Stair design is no different. Make them grand, posh, put them in the center, they’ll scream “this way!”. Sneakily hide them behind a curtain or a wall, they’ll make you wonder where they’ll take you. Perhaps you wish to add a dash of mystery to your scene, maybe hide them in plain sight. Maybe use an unusual material, an uncanny or exaggerated angle, you get the idea. Once you know what you want, the rest comes almost instinctively. Trust the concept and the process.

La Maison D'Ava stone stair design.
La Maison D’Ava




Dimensioning 101: don’t skip it.

Let’s not forget about the very basics, stair design is also very much about adequate proportions. In the real world, stairs are actual architectural components that need to conform to certain standards. In other words, they need to be comfortable, safe to use, and for that, there are many functional stair design guidelines that will help you. Beyond that, considering the dimensioning of the stair elements in your scene has another benefit. It greatly alleviates the risk of creating confusion regarding the purpose and usability of said elements (unless that is your goal, of course).

Two stairways designed to have a really high step.
©Charitini Gritzali ©Aires Mateus




In stair design, boldness goes a long way.

For the purpose of balancing out the whole picture of whatever you’re designing, you’ll always find that certain punctual elements need to deliberately break uniformity and predictability. A little bit – or a whole lot – of dynamics added to your composition can help break a stalemate that we’ve probably all dealt with at some point. Monotony. In our works, we always strive to make the stairs stand out by either diminishing or emphasizing their presence through different means (placement, size, materials, color, etc.). The result is always surprising. 

Pink stair pedestal with a metal table on top.
©Studio OVERLAP x Staal Studio Frank Penders




Get a grip on that handrail.

Ah yes, one of the most important pieces of stair design that you can totally ditch. If you decide to incorporate a handrail, though, keep in mind that it almost has a story of its own. If the staircase is Yin, the handrail is Yang, if one’s Bonnie, the other one’s Clyde and so on and so forth. Think of the handrail as a subordinate or equally important sidekick in a dynamic duo that makes or breaks your story. Just like in cinematography, everything you see on screen plays a role in defining a scene. And, whether you perceive it or not, there are certain key elements that require a lot of attention. Bottom line: never underestimate the handrail and the power it holds. 

Scandinavian wood interior design of a living room with a rounded edge stair.
©Alina Alenikova




Light it up.

We don’t mean telling you to set your PC on fire, so please don’t do that. In any 3D scene, light is probably the most important element. Le Corbusier would certainly agree with us. Without a proper lighting scheme, all that effort you’ve put in your stair design will go to waste. Light can also become your most trustworthy personal assistant when tweaking all the parameters that change your staircase’s material qualities. Alexa, turn on the lights! 

Pastel colored interior with transparent handrail stairs.
©Rafael Eifler




Go crazy.

What else can we tell you? Rules are meant to be broken and you already know that. So go ahead, take a dive. Explore what can be done outside of what we’ve told you in this article. Playing around is never a bad idea. Trust us, we’ve tested it. And we’re still doing it.  

Utopian render of Inception-like world of stairs.
©WArtclub x Ricardo Bofill Taller de Arquitectura

Hope we’ve been helpful. Have fun stair designing around! 

Written by Mihai Moga-Paler.

We’re not shy to show our true colors and search for uniqueness.

Young & bold, well-disciplined architects capable of bringing ideas into virtual reality before laying a single brick.

 This means you see exactly what you get so you don’t waste time and money on something that you dislike.

Solid architectural knowledge, proficient 3D rendering language, design thinking and boundless imagination – this is what we bring to the table. We take on projects from all over the world, and we don’t limit to architecture, but rather like to stretch our expertise with utopian projects, product design, and visualization.

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meet your
new team.

Monica Safta, founder at OVERLAP

Monica Safta

architect & 3D artist - Bucharest
A few years of working in several architectural practices in the western part of Europe made it clear to me that I need to find a way of speaking my mind, enabling my ideas. Evoke my thoughts in a pure way, with no intermediary between mind and hand.

That's how and why our studio materialized, and we keep it true to ourselves.
Razvan Socol, founder at OVERLAP

Razvan Socol

architect & 3D artist - Bucharest
I'm a 29 years old architect, born and raised in Brașov, Romania. I always strive to capture a glimpse of demiurgical essence within my work.

After all, God is a Designer.

I won't say I'm self-taught, but I always search for situations that force me out of my comfort zone and learn, adapt, overcome. You know the saying.

Challenge(s) accepted.
Laura Voinescu, architect at Overlap.

Laura Voinescu

architect & graphic designer - Copenhagen
Living in Copenhagen allowed me to explore this city, learn its intimacies and, on top of that, I use photography as a tool to study human nature.

These circumstances changed the way I approach architecture, seeing the impact it has on human behaviour and psyche.

In one way or the other, I focus on solving social problems when designing pretty much anything.

Mihai Moga-Paler

architect & photographer - Bucharest
From aiding a local art magazine with spreads and guidance for its official debut, to having works selected and displayed in the Greek Pavilion at the Venice Architecture Biennale, my life has been a continuous journey of released momentum. I express myself through architecture, 3D art, photography, creative and editorial writing, content creation, and graphic design.

I like looking directly into brightness, and there's a lot of it in the world designed ahead of me. That's why I'm always looking forward.


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